PHP 4.1.0 – php.ini 全文翻译

;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
; About this file ;
;
; 关于这个文件
;
;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
;
; This is the recommended, PHP 4-style version of the php.ini-dist file. It
; sets some non standard settings, that make PHP more efficient, more secure,
; and encourage cleaner coding.
;
;
; 这个是推荐的,PHP 4 版本类型的 php.ini-dist 文件,他设置了一些非标准的设置,他们使得
; PHP更加有效,更加安全,鼓励整洁的编码。
;
;
; The price is that with these settings, PHP may be incompatible with some
; applications, and sometimes, more difficult to develop with. Using this
; file is warmly recommended for production sites. As all of the changes from
; the standard settings are thoroughly documented, you can go over each one,
; and decide whether you want to use it or not.
;
;
; 这样做的代价是,某些应用程序可能在这样的配置下不兼容,在某些情况下,开发会更加困难。
; 使用这个文件是我门对建设站点的热心建议。每个标准设置的改变都有彻底的说明稳当,你可以
; 处理没一个,决定是否使用他们。
;
;
; For general information about the php.ini file, please consult the php.ini-dist
; file, included in your PHP distribution.
;
;
; 关于 php.ini 的一般信息,请参考 php.ini-dist 文件,包括你的 PHP 的说明
;
;
; This file is different from the php.ini-dist file in the fact that it features
; different values for several directives, in order to improve performance, while
; possibly breaking compatibility with the standard out-of-the-box behavior of
; PHP 3. Please make sure you read what’s different, and modify your scripts
; accordingly, if you decide to use this file instead.
;
;
; 这个文件和 php.ini-dist 的区别在于它给予了一些指示不同的值,来提高性能,同时可能破坏了
; PHP 3 的标准的 out-of-the-box 特性。
;
;
; – register_globals = Off [Security, Performance]
; Global variables are no longer registered for input data (POST, GET, cookies,
; environment and other server variables). Instead of using $foo, you must use
; you can use $_REQUEST[“foo”] (includes any variable that arrives through the
; request, namely, POST, GET and cookie variables), or use one of the specific
; $_GET[“foo”], $_POST[“foo”], $_COOKIE[“foo”] or $_FILES[“foo”], depending
; on where the input originates. Also, you can look at the
; import_request_variables() function.
; Note that register_globals is going to be depracated (i.e., turned off by
; default) in the next version of PHP, because it often leads to security bugs.
; Read http://php.net/manual/en/security.registerglobals.php for further
; information.
;
;
; 全局变量不再注册输入的数据(POST,GET,cookies,环境变量和其他的服务器变量)。作为代替的是使用
; $foo, 你必须使用 $_REQUEST[“foo”] ( 包括所有的通过请求传来的变量,也就是说,POST,GET,和
; cookies 变量)或者根据输入的来源使用指定的 $_GET[“foo”],$_POST[“foo”],$_COOKIE[“foo”]
; ,$_FILES[“foo”] (访问他们).同时,你可以查看 import_request_variables()函数。
;
; 注意,这个参数可能在下个版本去掉(默认为off),因为他经常引起安全 bugs.到
; http://php.net/manual/en/security.registerglobals.php
; 查看详细内容
;
;
; – display_errors = Off [Security]
; With this directive set to off, errors that occur during the execution of
; scripts will no longer be displayed as a part of the script output, and thus,
; will no longer be exposed to remote users. With some errors, the error message
; content may expose information about your script, web server, or database
; server that may be exploitable for hacking. Production sites should have this
; directive set to off.
;
;
; 设置这个指示为Off,在脚本执行期间发生错误时,不再将错误作为输出的一部分显示,这样就不会暴露给
; 远端用户。对于某些错误,错误信息的内容可能暴露你的脚本,web服务器,数据库服务器的信息,可能被
; 黑客利用。最终产品占点需要设置这个指示为off.
;
;
; – log_errors = On [Security]
; This directive complements the above one. Any errors that occur during the
; execution of your script will be logged (typically, to your server’s error log,
; but can be configured in several ways). Along with setting display_errors to off,
; this setup gives you the ability to fully understand what may have gone wrong,
; without exposing any sensitive information to remote users.
;
;
; 这个指示补充上面的。所有的发生在脚本运行期间的错误都会纪录在日志中(代表性的,记录在服务器的错误
; 日志中,但是可以配置不同的方式)。随着 display_errors 设置为 off,这个设置给你全面了解到底什么
; 发生错误的能力,而不会向远端用户暴露任何信息。
;
;
; – output_buffering = 4096 [Performance]
; Set a 4KB output buffer. Enabling output buffering typically results in less
; writes, and sometimes less packets sent on the wire, which can often lead to
; better performance. The gain this directive actually yields greatly depends
; on which Web server you’re working with, and what kind of scripts you’re using.
;
;
; 设置 4KB 的输出缓冲区。打开输出缓冲可以减少写的次数,有时减少线路发送包的数量,这样能提高性能。
; 这个指示真正得到的益处很大程度的依赖于你的工作的 WEB 服务器,以及你使用的脚本。
;
;
; – register_argc_argv = Off [Performance]
; Disables registration of the somewhat redundant $argv and $argc global
; variables.
;
;
; 禁止注册某些多于的 $argv 和 $argc 全局变量
;
;
; – magic_quotes_gpc = Off [Performance]
; Input data is no longer escaped with slashes so that it can be sent into
; SQL databases without further manipulation. Instead, you should use the
; function addslashes() on each input element you wish to send to a database.
;
;
; 输入数据不再被斜线转义,以便于无需更多的处理就可以发送到SQL数据库里面。作为代替,你可
; 以对每个要发送到数据库的输入元素使用 addslashes()函数。
;
;
; – variables_order = “GPCS” [Performance]
; The environment variables are not hashed into the $HTTP_ENV_VARS[]. To access
; environment variables, you can use getenv() instead.
;
; 环境变量不再进入 $HTTP_ENV_VARS[],你需要用 getenv()来访问环境变量。
;
;
; – error_reporting = E_ALL [Code Cleanliness, Security(?)]
; By default, PHP surpresses errors of type E_NOTICE. These error messages
; are emitted for non-critical errors, but that could be a symptom of a bigger
; problem. Most notably, this will cause error messages about the use
; of uninitialized variables to be displayed.
;
;
; 默认的,PHP 给出 E_NOTICE 错误类型,这些错误信息不是核心错误,但是可能是个更大错误的隐患。
; 大多数提醒是那些没有初始化变量引起的错误信息。
;
;
; – allow_call_time_pass_reference = Off [Code cleanliness]
; It’s not possible to decide to force a variable to be passed by reference
; when calling a function. The PHP 4 style to do this is by making the
; function require the relevant argument by reference.
;
;
; 在调用函数时,不可能决定强制传递变量的引用。PHP 4 里通过函数请求相关参数的引用来实现
;
;

;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
; Language Options ;
;
;
; 语言配置
;
;
;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;

; Enable the PHP scripting language engine under Apache.
;
;
; 允许在Apache下的PHP脚本语言引擎
;
;
engine = On

; Allow the tags are recognized.
;
;
; 允许 标记
;
;
short_open_tag = On

; Allow ASP-style tags.
;
;
; 允许 ASP 类型的 标记
;
;
asp_tags = Off

; The number of significant digits displayed in floating point numbers.
;
;
; 浮点数显示的有意义的数字(精度)
;
;
precision = 14

; Enforce year 2000 compliance (will cause problems with non-compliant browsers)
;
;
; 强制遵从 2000 年(会在不遵从的浏览器上引起错误)
;
;
y2k_compliance = Off

; Output buffering allows you to send header lines (including cookies) even
; after you send body content, at the price of slowing PHP’s output layer a
; bit. You can enable output buffering during runtime by calling the output
; buffering functions. You can also enable output buffering for all files by
; setting this directive to On. If you wish to limit the size of the buffer
; to a certain size – you can use a maximum number of bytes instead of ‘On’, as
; a value for this directive (e.g., output_buffering=4096).
;
;
; 输出缓冲允许你在主体内容发送后发送头信息行(包括 cookies),作为代价,会稍微减慢一点PHP
; 输出层的速度。你可以在运行期间通过调用输出缓冲函数来打开输出缓冲。你也可以通过设置这个
; 指示来对虽有的文件打开输出缓冲。如果你想限制缓冲区大小为某个尺寸,你可以使用一个允许最大
; 的字节数值代替 “On”,作为这个指示的值。
;
;
output_buffering = 4096

; You can redirect all of the output of your scripts to a function. For
; example, if you set output_handler to “ob_gzhandler”, output will be
; transparently compressed for browsers that support gzip or deflate encoding.
; Setting an output handler automatically turns on output buffering.
;
;
; 你可以重新定向脚本所有输出到一个函数。例如,你可以设置 output_handler 为 “ob_gzhandler”,
; 输出将会被明显的被压缩到支持 gzip 或 deflate 编码的浏览器。设置一个输出管理会自动打开
; 输出缓冲
;
;
output_handler =

; Transparent output compression using the zlib library
; Valid values for this option are ‘off’, ‘on’, or a specific buffer size
; to be used for compression (default is 4KB)
;
;
; 使用 zlib 库进行输出压缩,可以指定 off/on 或者用于压缩的缓冲大小
;
;
zlib.output_compression = Off

; Implicit flush tells PHP to tell the output layer to flush itself
; automatically after every output block. This is equivalent to calling the
; PHP function flush() after each and every call to print() or echo() and each
; and every HTML block. Turning this option on has serious performance
; implications and is generally recommended for debugging purposes only.
;
;
; 隐含的通知PHP的输出层在每个输出块后自己自动刷新。等同于在每个 print() 或者 echo()
; 和每个HTML块后面都调用 flush()函数。打开这个配置会引起严重的隐含执行,一般推荐在用于
; 调试目的时使用。
;
;
implicit_flush = Off

; Whether to enable the ability to force arguments to be passed by reference
; at function call time. This method is deprecated and is likely to be
; unsupported in future versions of PHP/Zend. The encouraged method of
; specifying which arguments should be passed by reference is in the function
; declaration. You’re encouraged to try and turn this option Off and make
; sure your scripts work properly with it in order to ensure they will work
; with future versions of the language (you will receive a warning each time
; you use this feature, and the argument will be passed by value instead of by
; reference).
;
;
; 是否允许在函数调用期间有强制参数以引用的形式传递的能力。这个方法不赞成使用,在将来的
; PHP和Zend版本里面可能不支持。鼓励的方法是在函数声明时指定哪个参数通过引用传递。鼓励你
; 尝试关闭这个参数,确认你的脚本能够正常运行,以便在以后版能里面正确运行(你会在每次使用
; 这个特性时得到一个警告,并且参数以值来传递,代替引用)
;
;
allow_call_time_pass_reference = Off

;
; Safe Mode
;
;
; 安全模式
;
;
;
safe_mode = Off

; By default, Safe Mode does a UID compare check when
; opening files. If you want to relax this to a GID compare,
; then turn on safe_mode_gid.
;
;
; 安全模式默认的在打开文件时进行 UID 比较检查,如果你想放宽他为GID比较,打开这个参数
;
;
safe_mode_gid = Off

; When safe_mode is on, UID/GID checks are bypassed when
; including files from this directory and its subdirectories.
; (directory must also be in include_path or full path must
; be used when including)
;
;
; 在安全模式,当包含如下目录和子目录文件时,绕过 UID/GID检查(路径必须在 include_path下面
; 或者在包含时使用完整路径
;
;
safe_mode_include_dir =

; When safe_mode is on, only executables located in the safe_mode_exec_dir
; will be allowed to be executed via the exec family of functions.
;
;
; 在安全模式下,只有给出目录下可以通过 exec 族函数执行
;
;
safe_mode_exec_dir =

; open_basedir, if set, limits all file operations to the defined directory
; and below. This directive makes most sense if used in a per-directory
; or per-virtualhost web server configuration file.
;
;
; 如果设置,则限制所有的文件操作都到下面给出的目录下。这个指示在每个目录,每个虚拟主机的web
; 服务器配置文件里给出更多的认识。
;
;
;open_basedir =

; Setting certain environment variables may be a potential security breach.
; This directive contains a comma-delimited list of prefixes. In Safe Mode,
; the user may only alter environment variables whose names begin with the
; prefixes supplied here. By default, users will only be able to set
; environment variables that begin with PHP_ (e.g. PHP_FOO=BAR).
;
; Note: If this directive is empty, PHP will let the user modify ANY
; environment variable!
;
;
; 设置某些环境变量可能是隐藏的安全缺口。这个指示包含一个逗号分割的前缀指示。在安全模式下
; 用户只能修改下面提供的为前缀的变量名字。默认,用户只能设置以 PHP_ 前缀开头的环境变量(
; 例如 PHP_FOO=BAR).
;
; 注意:如果这个设置为空,则 PHP 可以让用户修改任何环境变量。
;
;
safe_mode_allowed_env_vars = PHP_

; This directive contains a comma-delimited list of environment variables that
; the end user won’t be able to change using putenv(). These variables will be
; protected even if safe_mode_allowed_env_vars is set to allow to change them.
;
;
; 这个指示包含用逗号分割的不允许最终用户通过 putenv()修改的环境变量的列表。这些变量即使
; 在 safe_mode_allowed_env_vars 设置允许改变他们的情况下也被保护。
;
;
safe_mode_protected_env_vars = LD_LIBRARY_PATH

; This
directive allows you to disable certain functions for security reasons.
; It receives a comma-delimited list of function names. This directive is
; *NOT* affected by whether Safe Mode is turned On or Off.
;
;
; 这个指示用于在由于安全原因的情况下屏蔽某些函数。接受用逗号分割的函数名列表,这个指示不受
; Safe Mode 是否打开的影响。
;
;
disable_functions =

; Colors for Syntax Highlighting mode. Anything that’s acceptable in
; would work.
;
;
; 语法加亮模式的颜色,任何 正常工作的都可以接受
;
;
highlight.string = #CC0000
highlight.comment = #FF9900
highlight.keyword = #006600
highlight.bg = #FFFFFF
highlight.default = #0000CC
highlight.html = #000000

;
; Misc
;
; Decides whether PHP may expose the fact that it is installed on the server
; (e.g. by adding its signature to the Web server header). It is no security
; threat in any way, but it makes it possible to determine whether you use PHP
; on your server or not.
;
;
; 是否让服务器暴露 PHP(例如在 web 服务器头增加标记)。他不会有安全威胁,但是可以让你
; 检测一个服务器是否使用了 PHP.
;
;
expose_php = On

;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
; Resource Limits ;
;
;
; 资源限制
;
;

;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;

;
;
; 每个脚本最大执行的秒数
;
;
max_execution_time = 30 ; Maximum execution time of each script, in seconds

;
;
; 一个脚本最大消耗的内存
;
;
memory_limit = 8M ; Maximum amount of memory a script may consume (8MB)

;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
; Error handling and logging ;
;
;
; 错误处理和记录
;
;
;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;

; error_reporting is a bit-field. Or each number up to get desired error
; reporting level
;
;
; 错误报告是一个位字段,每个数值代表错误报告的等级
;
;
; E_ALL – All errors and warnings
;
; 所有的错误和警告
;
; E_ERROR – fatal run-time errors
;
; 致命的运行期错误
;
; E_WARNING – run-time warnings (non-fatal errors)
;
; 运行期警告(非致命错误)
;
; E_PARSE – compile-time parse errors
;
; 编译期间解析错误
;
; E_NOTICE – run-time notices (these are warnings which often result
; from a bug in your code, but it’s possible that it was
; intentional (e.g., using an uninitialized variable and
; relying on the fact it’s automatically initialized to an
; empty string)
;
; 运行期间注意,一般是由于代码的 bug 引起的警告,但是很可能是故意这样的。例如使用没有初始化
; 的变量,依赖于他自动初始化为空的字符串。
;
; E_CORE_ERROR – fatal errors that occur during PHP’s initial startup
;
; 发生在 PHP 的初始启动阶段的致命错误
;
; E_CORE_WARNING – warnings (non-fatal errors) that occur during PHP’s
; initial startup
;
; 发生在 PHP 的初始启动阶段的警告(非致命错误)
;
; E_COMPILE_ERROR – fatal compile-time errors
;
; 致命的编译期间错误
;
; E_COMPILE_WARNING – compile-time warnings (non-fatal errors)
;
; 编译期间的警告(非致命的错误)
;
; E_USER_ERROR – user-generated error message
;
; 用户引起的错误信息
;
; E_USER_WARNING – user-generated warning message
;
; 用户引起的警告信息
;
; E_USER_NOTICE – user-generated notice message
;
; 用户引起的提醒信息
;
;
; Examples:
;
; – Show all errors, except for notices
;
; 显示所有错误,除了提醒
;
;error_reporting = E_ALL & ~E_NOTICE
;
; – Show only errors
;
; 只显示错误
;
;error_reporting = E_COMPILE_ERROR|E_ERROR|E_CORE_ERROR
;
; – Show all errors except for notices
;
; 显示所有的错误(译者注:英文可能有错误)
;
error_reporting = E_ALL

; Print out errors (as a part of the output). For production web sites,
; you’re strongly encouraged to turn this feature off, and use error logging
; instead (see below). Keeping display_errors enabled on a production web site
; may reveal security information to end users, such as file paths on your Web
; server, your database schema or other information.
;
;
; 输出错误(作为输出的一部分)。对于成品网站,强烈建议关闭这个特性,使用下面错误日志代替。
; 在成品网站打开这个特性可能对最终用户暴露安全信息。例如 WEB 服务器的文件路径,数据库计划
; 或其他信息。
;
;
display_errors = Off

; Even when display_errors is on, errors that occur during PHP’s startup
; sequence are not displayed. It’s strongly recommended to keep
; display_startup_errors off, except for when debugging.
;
;
; 即使 display_errors 参数设置位 on,发生在 PHP 的启动顺序期间的错误也不会显示。
; 强烈建议保持 display_startup_errors 为 off,除非在调试阶段。
;
;
display_startup_errors = Off

; Log errors into a log file (server-specific log, stderr, or error_log (below))
; As stated above, you’re strongly advised to use error logging in place of
; error displaying on production web sites.
;
;
; 把错误写到一个日志文件里面(服务器指定日志,标准错误,或者后面的错误日志)。
; 根据上面的一致性,强烈建议使用错误日志代替web站点的错误显示。
;
;
log_errors = On

; Store the last error/warning message in $php_errormsg (boolean).
;
;
; 保存最后的错误/警告信息在 $php_errormsg(boolean)里面。
;
;
track_errors = Off

; Disable the inclusion of HTML tags in error messages.
;
;
; 屏蔽掉错误信息里面内含的HTML标记
;
;
;html_errors = Off

; String to output before an error message.
;
;
; 错误信息前输出的字符串
;
;
;error_prepend_string = “”

; String to output after an error message.
;
;
; 错误信息后输出的字符串。
;
;
;error_append_string = “”

; Log errors to specified file.
;
;
; 错误写进指定的文件
;
;
;error_log = filename

; Log errors to syslog (Event Log on NT, not valid in Windows 95).
;error_log = syslog

; Warn if the + operator is used with strings.
;
;
; 在对字符串用 + 操作符时给出警告
;
;
warn_plus_overloading = Off

;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
; Data Handling ;
;
;
; 数据处理
;
;
;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
;
; Note – track_vars is ALWAYS enabled as of PHP 4.0.3
;
; 注意,在 PHP 4.0.3 里面, track_vars 总是打开的。
;

; The separator used in PHP generated URLs to separate arguments.
; Default is “&”.
;
;
; PHP在产生URLs时用于分割参数的分割符。默认是 “&”
;
;
;arg_separator.output = “&”

; List of separator(s) used by PHP to parse input URLs into variables.
; Default is “&”.
; NOTE: Every character in this directive is considered as separator!
;
;
; PHP用于把输入的 URLs 解析为变量的分割符列表,默认是 “&”;
; 注意:这个指示的每个字符都被认为是分割符
;
;
;arg_separator.input = “;&”

; This directive describes the or
der in which PHP registers GET, POST, Cookie,
; Environment and Built-in variables (G, P, C, E & S respectively, often
; referred to as EGPCS or GPC). Registration is done from left to right, newer
; values override older values.
;
;
; 这个指示描述PHP注册 GET,POST,Cookes,环境变量和内部变量的顺序(分别对应于 G,P,C,E 和 S,
; 经常为 EGPCS 或者 GPC).注册从左到右,新的值覆盖旧的值。
;
;
variables_order = “GPCS”

; Whether or not to register the EGPCS variables as global variables. You may
; want to turn this off if you don’t want to clutter your scripts’ global scope
; with user data. This makes most sense when coupled with track_vars – in which
; case you can access all of the GPC variables through the $HTTP_*_VARS[],
; variables.
;
;
; 是否注册 EGPCS 变量为全局变量。如果你不想和用户数据混淆脚本全局范围,你可能想关闭他。
; 结合 track_vars 可以更加理性。它可以让你通过 $HTTP_*_VARS[] 访问所有的GPC变量。
;
;
; You should do your best to write your scripts so that they do not require
; register_globals to be on; Using form variables as globals can easily lead
; to possible security problems, if the code is not very well thought of.
;
;
; 你可以尽力书写不需要 register_globals 打开时的脚本。如果代码没有非常好的考虑是
; 使用来源于全局变量的表单数据很容易引起安全问题。
;
;
register_globals = Off

; This directive tells PHP whether to declare the argv&argc variables (that
; would contain the GET information). If you don’t use these variables, you
; should turn it off for increased performance.
;
;
; 这个指示通知 PHP 是否声明 argv 和 argc 变量(他们可能包含 GET 信息)。
; 如果你不使用他们,你应该关闭他来提高性能。
;
;
register_argc_argv = Off

; Maximum size of POST data that PHP will accept.
;
;
; PHP接受的最大的 POST 数据尺寸
;
;
post_max_size = 8M

; This directive is deprecated. Use variables_order instead.
;
;
; 这个指示不赞成使用,使用 variables_order 代替
;
;
gpc_order = “GPC”

; Magic quotes
;

; Magic quotes for incoming GET/POST/Cookie data.
;
;
; 转换进入的 GET/POST/Cookie 数据
;
;
magic_quotes_gpc = Off

; Magic quotes for runtime-generated data, e.g. data from SQL, from exec(), etc.
;
;
; 转换运行期间产生的数据,例如来自于 SQL, exec()等等
;
;
magic_quotes_runtime = Off

; Use Sybase-style magic quotes (escape ‘ with ” instead of \’).
;
;
; 使用 Sybase 样式的转换(对于 ‘ 使用 ” 代替 \’)
;
;
magic_quotes_sybase = Off

; Automatically add files before or after any PHP document.
;
;
; 在PHP文档前后自动加入的文件名字。
;
;
auto_prepend_file =
auto_append_file =

; As of 4.0b4, PHP always outputs a character encoding by default in
; the Content-type: header. To disable sending of the charset, simply
; set it to be empty.
;
; PHP’s built-in default is text/html
;
;
; 在 4.0b4, PHP 总是在 Content-type:头里面发送默认的字符编码。要禁止发送字符设置
; 简单的把他设置为空就可以。
; PHP 内置的默认值是 text/html
;
;
default_mimetype = “text/html”
;default_charset = “iso-8859-1”

;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
; Paths and Directories ;
;
;
; 路径和目录
;
;
;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;

; UNIX: “/path1:/path2”
;
;
; UNIX: 使用 /path1:path2 样式
;
;
;include_path = “.:/php/includes”
;
; Windows: “\path1;\path2”
;
; Window: 使用 \path1;\path2 样式
;
;include_path = “.;c:\php\includes”

; The root of the PHP pages, used only if nonempty.
;
;
; PHP 页面的根位置,仅在非空时使用
;
;
doc_root =

; The directory under which PHP opens the script using /~usernamem used only
; if nonempty.
;
;
; 使用 /~username 打开 PHP 脚本时的目录,非空时使用。
;
;
user_dir =

; Directory in which the loadable extensions (modules) reside.
;
;
; 本地可装载的扩展(模块)所在的目录
;
;
extension_dir = c:\php\extensions

; Whether or not to enable the dl() function. The dl() function does NOT work
; properly in multithreaded servers, such as IIS or Zeus, and is automatically
; disabled on them.
;
;
; 是否允许 dl()函数。dl()在多线程服务器上不能正确的工作,例如 IIS 或者 Zeus,此时自动屏蔽
;
;
enable_dl = On

;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
; File Uploads ;
;
;
; 文件上传
;
;
;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;

; Whether to allow HTTP file uploads.
;
;
; 是否允许文件上传
;
;
file_uploads = On

; Temporary directory for HTTP uploaded files (will use system default if not
; specified).
;
;
; HTTP 上传时文件的临时目录(如果没有指定就使用系统默认的)
;
;
;upload_tmp_dir =

; Maximum allowed size for uploaded files.
;
;
; 最大允许上传文件尺寸
;
;
upload_max_filesize = 2M

;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
; Fopen wrappers ;
;
;
; 文件打开封装
;
;
;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;

; Whether to allow the treatment of URLs (like http:// or ftp://) as files.
;
;
; 是否允许把 URLs(象 http:// 或者 ftp://)以文件对待
;
;
allow_url_fopen = On

; Define the anonymous ftp password (your email address)
;
;
; 默认的 ftp 密码(你的邮箱地址)
;
;
;from=”john@doe.com”

;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
; Dynamic Extensions ;
;
;
; 动态扩展
;
;
;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
;
; If you wish to have an extension loaded automatically, use the following
; syntax:
;
; extension=modulename.extension
;
; For example, on Windows:
;
; extension=msql.dll
;
; … or under UNIX:
;
; extension=msql.so
;
; Note that it should be the name of the module only; no directory information
; needs to go here. Specify the location of the extension with the
; extension_dir directive above.
;
;
; 如果你想自动装载某些扩展,使用下面的语法
;
; extension = modulename.extension
;
; 例如在 Windows 下面
;
; extension=msql.dll
;
; 在 UNIX 下面
;
; extension = msql.so
;
; 注意,必须是模块的名字,不能有其他指示。扩展的位置在 extension_dir 那里指定
;
;

;Windows Extensions
;Note that MySQL and ODBC support is now built in, so no dll is needed for it.
;
;
; Windows 扩展
; 注意,MySQL 和 ODBC 已经内置了,不需要 dll 了。
;
;
;extension=php_bz2.dll
;extension=php_ctype.dll
;extension=php_cpdf.dll
;extension=php_curl.dll
;extension=php_cybercash.dll
;extension=php_db.dll
;extension=php_dba.dll
;extension=php_dbase.dll
;extension=php_dbx.dll
;extension=php_domxml.dll
;extension=php_dotnet.dll
;extension=php_exif.dll
;extension=php_fbsql.dll
;extension=php_fdf.dll
;extension=php_filepro.dll
;extension=php_gd.dll
;extension=php_gettext.dll
;extension=php_hyperwave.dll
;extension=php_iconv.dll
;extension=php_ifx
.dll
;extension=php_iisfunc.dll
;extension=php_imap.dll
;extension=php_ingres.dll
;extension=php_interbase.dll
;extension=php_java.dll
;extension=php_ldap.dll
;extension=php_mbstring.dll
;extension=php_mcrypt.dll
;extension=php_mhash.dll
;extension=php_ming.dll
;extension=php_mssql.dll ; 这个是 Microsoft SQL Server
;extension=php_oci8.dll
;extension=php_openssl.dll
;extension=php_oracle.dll
;extension=php_pdf.dll
;extension=php_pgsql.dll
;extension=php_printer.dll
;extension=php_sablot.dll
;extension=php_shmop.dll
;extension=php_snmp.dll
;extension=php_sockets.dll
;extension=php_sybase_ct.dll
;extension=php_xslt.dll
;extension=php_yaz.dll
;extension=php_zlib.dll

;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
; Module Settings ;
;
;
; 模块设置
;
;
;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;

[Syslog]
;
; 系统日志
;
; Whether or not to define the various syslog variables (e.g. $LOG_PID,
; $LOG_CRON, etc.). Turning it off is a good idea performance-wise. In
; runtime, you can define these variables by calling define_syslog_variables().
;
;
; 是否定以不同的系统日志变量(例如,$LOG_PID,$LOG_CRON,等等)。为性能考虑,关闭比较好
; 在运行期间,你可以通过调用 define_syslog_variables() 定以这些变量
;
;
define_syslog_variables = Off

[mail function]
;
; 邮件函数
;
; For Win32 only.
;
;
; Win32 可用
;
;
SMTP = localhost

; For Win32 only.
;
;
; Win32 可用
;
;
sendmail_from = me@localhost.com

; For Unix only. You may supply arguments as well (default: ‘sendmail -t -i’).
;
;
; Unix 可用,可以指定参数。(默认是 sendmail -t -i )
;
;
;sendmail_path =

[Logging]
;
; 日志
;
; These configuration directives are used by the example logging mechanism.
; See examples/README.logging for more explanation.
;
;
; 这些配置指示例子中的日志机制,查看 examples/README.logging 的详细说明
;
;
;logging.method = db
;logging.directory = /path/to/log/directory

[Java]
;
; Java 支持
;
;
; 指向 php_java.jar 的位置
;
;java.class.path = .\php_java.jar

;
; 指向 java 安装的目录
;
;java.home = c:\jdk

;
; 指向虚拟机的目录
;
;java.library = c:\jdk\jre\bin\hotspot\jvm.dll

;
; 指向 java 扩展所在的目录,比如 c:\php\extensions
;
;java.library.path = .\

[SQL]
;
; SQL 设置
;
sql.safe_mode = Off

[ODBC]
;
; ODBC 设置
;

;
; 默认的数据库,尚未实现
;
;odbc.default_db = Not yet implemented

;
; 默认的用户,尚未实现
;
;odbc.default_user = Not yet implemented

;
; 默认的密码,尚未实现
;
;odbc.default_pw = Not yet implemented

; Allow or prevent persistent links.
;
; 允许或者防止持久连接
;
odbc.allow_persistent = On

; Check that a connection is still valid before reuse.
;
; 在连接重新使用前检查是否依然合法
;
odbc.check_persistent = On

; Maximum number of persistent links. -1 means no limit.
;
; 最大的持久连接数量,-1 代表不限制
;
odbc.max_persistent = -1

; Maximum number of links (persistent + non-persistent). -1 means no limit.
;
; 最大的连接数(持久 + 非持久),-1 代表不限制
;
odbc.max_links = -1

; Handling of LONG fields. Returns number of bytes to variables. 0 means
; passthru.
;
; 处理超长的字段,返回可用的字节数量,0 代表 放弃(passthru)
;
odbc.defaultlrl = 4096

; Handling of binary data. 0 means passthru, 1 return as is, 2 convert to char.
; See the documentation on odbc_binmode and odbc_longreadlen for an explanation
; of uodbc.defaultlrl and uodbc.defaultbinmode
;
; 处理二进制数据。0 代表放弃(passthru),1 返回原始的,2 转化为字符。
;
odbc.defaultbinmode = 1

[MySQL]
;
;
; MySQL 配置
;
;
; Allow or prevent persistent links.
;
; 是否允许持久连接
;
mysql.allow_persistent = On

; Maximum number of persistent links. -1 means no limit.
;
; 最大的持久连接数量,-1 无限
;
mysql.max_persistent = -1

; Maximum number of links (persistent + non-persistent). -1 means no limit.
;
; 最大的连接数量(持久+非持久), -1 无限
;
mysql.max_links = -1

; Default port number for mysql_connect(). If unset, mysql_connect() will use
; the $MYSQL_TCP_PORT or the mysql-tcp entry in /etc/services or the
; compile-time value defined MYSQL_PORT (in that order). Win32 will only look at MYSQL_PORT.
;
; mysql_connect()默认的端口号。如果没有设置,则使用 $MYSQL_TCP_PORT 或者 在 /etc/services
; 里面的 mysql_tct 入口,或者运行期间给出的 MYSQL_PORT,Win32 只查看 MYSQL_PORT
;
mysql.default_port =

; Default socket name for local MySQL connects. If empty, uses the built-in
; MySQL defaults.
;
; 默认的本地 MySQL 连接的 socket 名字,如果为空泽使用内置的
;
mysql.default_socket =

; Default host for mysql_connect() (doesn’t apply in safe mode).
;
; 默认的连接主机(在安全模式下不使用)
;
mysql.default_host =

; Default user for mysql_connect() (doesn’t apply in safe mode).
;
; 默认的用户名(在安全模式不使用)
;
mysql.default_user =

; Default password for mysql_connect() (doesn’t apply in safe mode).
; Note that this is generally a *bad* idea to store passwords in this file.
; *Any* user with PHP access can run ‘echo cfg_get_var(“mysql.default_password”)
; and reveal this password! And of course, any users with read access to this
; file will be able to reveal the password as well.
;
; 默认的连接密码(在安全模式下不使用)
; 注意:在这里存储密码是一个非常不好的注意。任何可以访问 PHP 的用户可以通过
; echo cfg_get_var(“mysql.default_password”)来获得密码。当然,任何拥有这个文件读取
; 权限的用户同样可以得到密码。
;
mysql.default_password =

[mSQL]
; Allow or prevent persistent links.
;
; 是否允许持久连接
;
msql.allow_persistent = On

; Maximum number of persistent links. -1 means no limit.
;
; 最大的持久连接数量,-1 无限
;
msql.max_persistent = -1

; Maximum number of links (persistent+non persistent). -1 means no limit.
;
; 最大的连接数量(持久+非持久), -1 无限
;
msql.max_links = -1

[PostgresSQL]
; Allow or prevent persistent links.
;
; 是否允许持久连接
;
pgsql.allow_persistent = On

; Maximum number of persistent links. -1 means no limit.
;
; 最大的持久连接数量,-1 无限
;
pgsql.max_persistent = -1

; Maximum number of links (persistent+non persistent). -1 means no limit.
;
; 最大的连接数量(持久+非持久), -1 无限
;
pgsql.max_links = -1

[Sybase]
; Allow or prevent persistent links.
;
; 是否允许持久连接
;
sybase.allow_persistent = On

; Maximum number of persistent links. -1 means no limit.
;
; 最大的持久连接数量,-1 无限
;
sybase.max_persistent = -1

; Maximum number of
links (persistent + non-persistent). -1 means no limit.
;
; 最大的连接数量(持久+非持久), -1 无限
;
sybase.max_links = -1

;sybase.interface_file = “/usr/sybase/interfaces”

; Minimum error severity to display.
;
; 显示的最小错误
;
sybase.min_error_severity = 10

; Minimum message severity to display.
;
; 显示最小错误信息
;
sybase.min_message_severity = 10

; Compatability mode with old versions of PHP 3.0.
; If on, this will cause PHP to automatically assign types to results according
; to their Sybase type, instead of treating them all as strings. This
; compatability mode will probably not stay around forever, so try applying
; whatever necessary changes to your code, and turn it off.
;
; 兼容于旧的 PHP 3.0
; 如果为 on, 则PHP 根据他们的 Sybase 类型自动给结果赋予类型,而不是全部当成字符串。
; 这个兼容模式在将来不会保留,所以请修改你的代码,关闭这个参数
;
sybase.compatability_mode = Off

[Sybase-CT]
; Allow or prevent persistent links.
;
; 是否允许持久连接
;
sybct.allow_persistent = On

; Maximum number of persistent links. -1 means no limit.
;
; 最大的持久连接数量,-1 无限
;
sybct.max_persistent = -1

; Maximum number of links (persistent + non-persistent). -1 means no limit.
;
; 最大的连接数量(持久+非持久), -1 无限
;
sybct.max_links = -1

; Minimum server message severity to display.
;
; 最小的服务器严重信息显示
;
sybct.min_server_severity = 10

; Minimum client message severity to display.
;
; 最小的客户端严重信息显示
;
sybct.min_client_severity = 10

[bcmath]
;
;
;
; Number of decimal digits for all bcmath functions.
;
; bcmath 函数的十进制数字
;
bcmath.scale = 0

[browscap]
;
; 用于判断客户信息
;
;browscap = extra/browscap.ini

[Informix]
;
;
;
; Default host for ifx_connect() (doesn’t apply in safe mode).
;
; 默认的连接主机(安全模式下无效)
;
ifx.default_host =

; Default user for ifx_connect() (doesn’t apply in safe mode).
;
; 默认的连接用户(安全模式下无效)
;
ifx.default_user =

; Default password for ifx_connect() (doesn’t apply in safe mode).
;
; 默认的连接密码(安全模式下无效)
;
ifx.default_password =

; Allow or prevent persistent links.
;
; 是否允许持久连接
;
ifx.allow_persistent = On

; Maximum number of persistent links. -1 means no limit.
;
; 最大持久连接数量
;
ifx.max_persistent = -1

; Maximum number of links (persistent + non-persistent). -1 means no limit.
;
; 最大连接数量
;
ifx.max_links = -1

; If on, select statements return the contents of a text blob instead of its id.
;
; 如果为 on, 则选择语句返回 text blob 代替编号
;
ifx.textasvarchar = 0

; If on, select statements return the contents of a byte blob instead of its id.
;
; 如果为 on,则选择语句返回 byte blob 代替编号
;
ifx.byteasvarchar = 0

; Trailing blanks are stripped from fixed-length char columns. May help the
; life of Informix SE users.
ifx.charasvarchar = 0

; If on, the contents of text and byte blobs are dumped to a file instead of
; keeping them in memory.
ifx.blobinfile = 0

; NULL’s are returned as empty strings, unless this is set to 1. In that case,
; NULL’s are returned as string ‘NULL’.
ifx.nullformat = 0

[Session]
;
; Session 部分
;

; Handler used to store/retrieve data.
;
; 用于处理存储/取得数据
;
session.save_handler = files

; Argument passed to save_handler. In the case of files, this is the path
; where data files are stored. Note: Windows users have to change this
; variable in order to use PHP’s session functions.
;
; 传递给 save_handleer 的参数,在 files 情况下,是数据存储的路径。
; 注意,Windows 用户需要修改这个变量来使用 PHP 的 session 功能
;
; 我给出的路径是我安装 PHP的路径,你可以改成任何你硬盘存在的路径
;
session.save_path = c:\php

; Whether to use cookies.
;
; 是否使用 cookies
;
session.use_cookies = 1

; Name of the session (used as cookie name).
;
; session 的名字(用于 cookes )
;
session.name = PHPSESSID

; Initialize session on request startup.
;
; 在请求开始时初始化 session
;
session.auto_start = 0

; Lifetime in seconds of cookie or, if 0, until browser is restarted.
;
; cookie 的存活秒数,如果为 0 , 则是直到浏览器重新启动
;
session.cookie_lifetime = 0

; The path for which the cookie is valid.
;
; 正确的 cookie 路径
;
session.cookie_path = /

; The domain for which the cookie is valid.
;
; 存放数值的 cookie的主机(主键)
;
session.cookie_domain =

; Handler used to serialize data. php is the standard serializer of PHP.
;
; 序列化数据的句柄,标准句柄是 php
;
session.serialize_handler = php

; Percentual probability that the ‘garbage collection’ process is started
; on every session initialization.
;
; 打开每个session初始化时自动开始垃圾收集进程
;
session.gc_probability = 1

; After this number of seconds, stored data will be seen as ‘garbage’ and
; cleaned up by the garbage collection process.
;
; 当超过这个时间,存储的的数据会被认为是垃圾,被 gc 进程清除
;
session.gc_maxlifetime = 1440

; Check HTTP Referer to invalidate externally stored URLs containing ids.
;
; 检查包含 ids 的 HTTP 里无效的外部保存 URLs的内容
;
session.referer_check =

; How many bytes to read from the file.
;
; 从文件里读入的允许字节数
;
session.entropy_length = 0

; Specified here to create the session id.
;
; 指定在这里建立 session id
;
session.entropy_file =

;session.entropy_length = 16

;session.entropy_file = /dev/urandom

; Set to {nocache,private,public} to determine HTTP caching aspects.
;
; 确定 HTTP 缓存外貌 {nocache,private,public}
;
session.cache_limiter = nocache

; Document expires after n minutes.
;
; 超过 n 分钟文档到期
;
session.cache_expire = 180

; use transient sid support if enabled by compiling with –enable-trans-sid.
;
; 如果在编译时使用 –enable_trans-sid ,则使用短暂 sid 支持
;
session.use_trans_sid = 1

url_rewriter.tags = “a=href,area=href,frame=src,input=src,form=fakeentry”

[MSSQL]
;
; 这个就是 Microsoft Sql Server
;

; Allow or prevent persistent links.
;
; 是否允许持久连接
;
mssql.allow_persistent = On

; Maximum number of persistent links. -1 means no limit.
;
; 最大持久连接数
;
mssql.max_persistent = -1

; Maximum number of links (persistent+non persistent). -1 means no limit.
;
; 最大连接数
;
mssql.max_links = -1

; Minimum error severity to display.
;
; 显示的最小错误严重
;
mssql.min_error_severity = 10

; Minimum message severity to display.
;
; 最小的显示的严重信息
;
mssql.min_message_severity = 10

; Compatability mode with old versions of PHP 3.0.
;
; 兼容老的 PHP 3.0
;
mssql.compatability_mode = Off

; Valid range 0 – 2147483647. Default = 4096.
;
; 允许值 , 默认值
;
;mssql.textlimit = 4096

; Valid range 0 – 2147483647. Default = 4096.
;
; 允许值, 默认值
;
;mssql.textsize = 4096

; Limits the number of records in each batch. 0 = all records in one batch.
;
; 每个批次最大的纪录数, 0 = 所有纪录1个批次
;
;mssql.batchsize = 0

[Assertion]
; Assert(expr); active by default.
;assert.active = On

; Issue a PHP warning for each failed assertion.
;assert.warning = On

; Don’t bail out by default.
;assert.bail = Off

; User-function to be called if an assertion fails.
;assert.callback = 0

; Eval the expression with current error_reporting(). Set to true if you want
; error_reporting(0) around the eval().
;assert.quiet_eval = 0

[Ingres II]
; Allow or prevent persistent links.
ingres.allow_persistent = On

; Maximum number of persistent links. -1 means no limit.
ingres.max_persistent = -1

; Maximum number of links, including persistents. -1 means no limit.
ingres.max_links = -1

; Default database (format: [node_id::]dbname[/srv_class]).
ingres.default_database =

; Default user.
ingres.default_user =

; Default password.
ingres.default_password =

[Verisign Payflow Pro]
; Default Payflow Pro server.
pfpro.defaulthost = “test-payflow.verisign.com”

; Default port to connect to.
pfpro.defaultport = 443

; Default timeout in seconds.
pfpro.defaulttimeout = 30

; Default proxy IP address (if required).
;pfpro.proxyaddress =

; Default proxy port.
;pfpro.proxyport =

; Default proxy logon.
;pfpro.proxylogon =

; Default proxy password.
;pfpro.proxypassword =

[Sockets]
; Use the system read() function instead of the php_read() wrapper.
;
; 使用系统的 read() 函数代替 php_read() 封装
;
sockets.use_system_read = On

[com]
;
; COM 设置
;
; path to a file containing GUIDs, IIDs or filenames of files with TypeLibs
;
; 指向包含 GUIDs,IIDs 或者 拥有 TypeLibs 文件的文件名的文件路径
;
;com.typelib_file =

; allow Distributed-COM calls
;
; 允许分布式 COM 调用
;
;com.allow_dcom = true

; autoregister constants of a components typlib on com_load()
;
; 在 com_load()时自动注册 typlib 组件的常量
;
;com.autoregister_typelib = true

; register constants casesensitive
;
; 注册常量区分大小写
;
;com.autoregister_casesensitive = false

; show warnings on duplicate constat registrations
;
; 重复注册常量则给出警告
;
;com.autoregister_verbose = true

[Printer]
;printer.default_printer = “”

[mbstring]
;mbstring.internal_encoding = EUC-JP
;mbstring.http_input = auto
;mbstring.http_output = SJIS
;mbstring.detect_order = auto
;mbstring.substitute_character = none;

[FrontBase]
;fbsql.allow_persistant = On
;fbsql.autocommit = On
;fbsql.default_database =
;fbsql.default_database_password =
;fbsql.default_host =
;fbsql.default_password =
;fbsql.default_user = “_SYSTEM”
;fbsql.generate_warnings = Off
;fbsql.max_connections = 128
;fbsql.max_links = 128
;fbsql.max_persistent = -1
;fbsql.max_results = 128
;fbsql.mbatchSize = 1000

; Local Variables:
; tab-width: 4
; End:

下载这个文件 php.ini

[PHP]

;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
; About this file ;
;
; 关于这个文件
;
;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
;
; This is the recommended, PHP 4-style version of the php.ini-dist file. It
; sets some non standard settings, that make PHP more efficient, more secure,
; and encourage cleaner coding.
;
;
; 这个是推荐的,PHP 4 版本类型的 php.ini-dist 文件,他设置了一些非标准的设置,他们使得
; PHP更加有效,更加安全,鼓励整洁的编码。
;
;
; The price is that with these settings, PHP may be incompatible with some
; applications, and sometimes, more difficult to develop with. Using this
; file is warmly recommended for production sites. As all of the changes from
; the standard settings are thoroughly documented, you can go over each one,
; and decide whether you want to use it or not.
;
;
; 这样做的代价是,某些应用程序可能在这样的配置下不兼容,在某些情况下,开发会更加困难。
; 使用这个文件是我门对建设站点的热心建议。每个标准设置的改变都有彻底的说明稳当,你可以
; 处理没一个,决定是否使用他们。
;
;
; For general information about the php.ini file, please consult the php.ini-dist
; file, included in your PHP distribution.
;
;
; 关于 php.ini 的一般信息,请参考 php.ini-dist 文件,包括你的 PHP 的说明
;
;
; This file is different from the php.ini-dist file in the fact that it features
; different values for several directives, in order to improve performance, while
; possibly breaking compatibility with the standard out-of-the-box behavior of
; PHP 3. Please make sure you read what’s different, and modify your scripts
; accordingly, if you decide to use this file instead.
;
;
; 这个文件和 php.ini-dist 的区别在于它给予了一些指示不同的值,来提高性能,同时可能破坏了
; PHP 3 的标准的 out-of-the-box 特性。
;
;
; – register_globals = Off [Security, Performance]
; Global variables are no longer registered for input data (POST, GET, cookies,
; environment and other server variables). Instead of using $foo, you must use
; you can use $_REQUEST[“foo”] (includes any variable that arrives through the
; request, namely, POST, GET and cookie variables), or use one of the specific
; $_GET[“foo”], $_POST[“foo”], $_COOKIE[“foo”] or $_FILES[“foo”], depending
; on where the input originates. Also, you can look at the
; import_request_variables() function.
; Note that register_globals is going to be depracated (i.e., turned off by
; default) in the next version of PHP, because it often leads to security bugs.
; Read http://php.net/manual/en/security.registerglobals.php for further
; information.
;
;
; 全局变量不再注册输入的数据(POST,GET,cookies,环境变量和其他的服务器变量)。作为代替的是使用
; $foo, 你必须使用 $_REQUEST[“foo”] ( 包括所有的通过请求传来的变量,也就是说,POST,GET,和
; cookies 变量)或者根据输入的来源使用指定的 $_GET[“foo”],$_POST[“foo”],$_COOKIE[“foo”]
; ,$_FILES[“foo”] (访问他们).同时,你可以查看 import_request_variables()函数。
;
; 注意,这个参数可能在下个版本去掉(默认为off),因为他经常引起安全 bugs.到
; http://php.net/manual/en/security.registerglobals.php
; 查看详细内容
;
;
; – display_errors = Off [Security]
; With this directive set to off, errors that occur during the execution of
; scripts will no longer be displayed as a part of the script output, and thus,
; will no longer be exposed to remote users. With some errors, the error message
; content may expose information about your script, web server, or database
; server that may be exploitable for hacking. Production sites should h
ave this
; directive set to off.
;
;
; 设置这个指示为Off,在脚本执行期间发生错误时,不再将错误作为输出的一部分显示,这样就不会暴露给
; 远端用户。对于某些错误,错误信息的内容可能暴露你的脚本,web服务器,数据库服务器的信息,可能被
; 黑客利用。最终产品占点需要设置这个指示为off.
;
;
; – log_errors = On [Security]
; This directive complements the above one. Any errors that occur during the
; execution of your script will be logged (typically, to your server’s error log,
; but can be configured in several ways). Along with setting display_errors to off,
; this setup gives you the ability to fully understand what may have gone wrong,
; without exposing any sensitive information to remote users.
;
;
; 这个指示补充上面的。所有的发生在脚本运行期间的错误都会纪录在日志中(代表性的,记录在服务器的错误
; 日志中,但是可以配置不同的方式)。随着 display_errors 设置为 off,这个设置给你全面了解到底什么
; 发生错误的能力,而不会向远端用户暴露任何信息。
;
;
; – output_buffering = 4096 [Performance]
; Set a 4KB output buffer. Enabling output buffering typically results in less
; writes, and sometimes less packets sent on the wire, which can often lead to
; better performance. The gain this directive actually yields greatly depends
; on which Web server you’re working with, and what kind of scripts you’re using.
;
;
; 设置 4KB 的输出缓冲区。打开输出缓冲可以减少写的次数,有时减少线路发送包的数量,这样能提高性能。
; 这个指示真正得到的益处很大程度的依赖于你的工作的 WEB 服务器,以及你使用的脚本。
;
;
; – register_argc_argv = Off [Performance]
; Disables registration of the somewhat redundant $argv and $argc global
; variables.
;
;
; 禁止注册某些多于的 $argv 和 $argc 全局变量
;
;
; – magic_quotes_gpc = Off [Performance]
; Input data is no longer escaped with slashes so that it can be sent into
; SQL databases without further manipulation. Instead, you should use the
; function addslashes() on each input element you wish to send to a database.
;
;
; 输入数据不再被斜线转义,以便于无需更多的处理就可以发送到SQL数据库里面。作为代替,你可
; 以对每个要发送到数据库的输入元素使用 addslashes()函数。
;
;
; – variables_order = “GPCS” [Performance]
; The environment variables are not hashed into the $HTTP_ENV_VARS[]. To access
; environment variables, you can use getenv() instead.
;
; 环境变量不再进入 $HTTP_ENV_VARS[],你需要用 getenv()来访问环境变量。
;
;
; – error_reporting = E_ALL [Code Cleanliness, Security(?)]
; By default, PHP surpresses errors of type E_NOTICE. These error messages
; are emitted for non-critical errors, but that could be a symptom of a bigger
; problem. Most notably, this will cause error messages about the use
; of uninitialized variables to be displayed.
;
;
; 默认的,PHP 给出 E_NOTICE 错误类型,这些错误信息不是核心错误,但是可能是个更大错误的隐患。
; 大多数提醒是那些没有初始化变量引起的错误信息。
;
;
; – allow_call_time_pass_reference = Off [Code cleanliness]
; It’s not possible to decide to force a variable to be passed by reference
; when calling a function. The PHP 4 style to do this is by making the
; function require the relevant argument by reference.
;
;
; 在调用函数时,不可能决定强制传递变量的引用。PHP 4 里通过函数请求相关参数的引用来实现
;
;

;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
; Language Options ;
;
;
; 语言配置
;
;
;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;

; Enable the PHP scripting language engine under Apache.
;
;
; 允许在Apache下的PHP脚本语言引擎
;
;
engine = On

; Allow the tags are recognized.
;
;
; 允许 标记
;
;
short_open_tag = On

; Allow ASP-style tags.
;
;
; 允许 ASP 类型的 标记
;
;
asp_tags = Off

; The number of significant digits displayed in floating point numbers.
;
;
; 浮点数显示的有意义的数字(精度)
;
;
precision = 14

; Enforce year 2000 compliance (will cause problems with non-compliant browsers)
;
;
; 强制遵从 2000 年(会在不遵从的浏览器上引起错误)
;
;
y2k_compliance = Off

; Output buffering allows you to send header lines (including cookies) even
; after you send body content, at the price of slowing PHP’s output layer a
; bit. You can enable output buffering during runtime by calling the output
; buffering functions. You can also enable output buffering for all files by
; setting this directive to On. If you wish to limit the size of the buffer
; to a certain size – you can use a maximum number of bytes instead of ‘On’, as
; a value for this directive (e.g., output_buffering=4096).
;
;
; 输出缓冲允许你在主体内容发送后发送头信息行(包括 cookies),作为代价,会稍微减慢一点PHP
; 输出层的速度。你可以在运行期间通过调用输出缓冲函数来打开输出缓冲。你也可以通过设置这个
; 指示来对虽有的文件打开输出缓冲。如果你想限制缓冲区大小为某个尺寸,你可以使用一个允许最大
; 的字节数值代替 “On”,作为这个指示的值。
;
;
output_buffering = 4096

; You can redirect all of the output of your scripts to a function. For
; example, if you set output_handler to “ob_gzhandler”, output will be
; transparently compressed for browsers that support gzip or deflate encoding.
; Setting an output handler automatically turns on output buffering.
;
;
; 你可以重新定向脚本所有输出到一个函数。例如,你可以设置 output_handler 为 “ob_gzhandler”,
; 输出将会被明显的被压缩到支持 gzip 或 deflate 编码的浏览器。设置一个输出管理会自动打开
; 输出缓冲
;
;
output_handler =

; Transparent output compression using the zlib library
; Valid values for this option are ‘off’, ‘on’, or a specific buffer size
; to be used for compression (default is 4KB)
;
;
; 使用 zlib 库进行输出压缩,可以指定 off/on 或者用于压缩的缓冲大小
;
;
zlib.output_compression = Off

; Implicit flush tells PHP to tell the output layer to flush itself
; automatically after every output block. This is equivalent to calling the
; PHP function flush() after each and every call to print() or echo() and each
; and every HTML block. Turning this option on has serious performance
; implications and is generally recommended for debugging purposes only.
;
;
; 隐含的通知PHP的输出层在每个输出块后自己自动刷新。等同于在每个 print() 或者 echo()
; 和每个HTML块后面都调用 flush()函数。打开这个配置会引起严重的隐含执行,一般推荐在用于
; 调试目的时使用。
;
;
implicit_flush = Off

; Whether to enable the ability to force arguments to be passed by reference
; at function call time. This method is deprecated and is likely to be
; unsupported in future versions of PHP/Zend. The encouraged method of
; specifying which arguments should be passed by reference is in the function
; declaration. You’re encouraged to try and tu
rn this option Off and make
; sure your scripts work properly with it in order to ensure they will work
; with future versions of the language (you will receive a warning each time
; you use this feature, and the argument will be passed by value instead of by
; reference).
;
;
; 是否允许在函数调用期间有强制参数以引用的形式传递的能力。这个方法不赞成使用,在将来的
; PHP和Zend版本里面可能不支持。鼓励的方法是在函数声明时指定哪个参数通过引用传递。鼓励你
; 尝试关闭这个参数,确认你的脚本能够正常运行,以便在以后版能里面正确运行(你会在每次使用
; 这个特性时得到一个警告,并且参数以值来传递,代替引用)
;
;
allow_call_time_pass_reference = Off

;
; Safe Mode
;
;
; 安全模式
;
;
;
safe_mode = Off

; By default, Safe Mode does a UID compare check when
; opening files. If you want to relax this to a GID compare,
; then turn on safe_mode_gid.
;
;
; 安全模式默认的在打开文件时进行 UID 比较检查,如果你想放宽他为GID比较,打开这个参数
;
;
safe_mode_gid = Off

; When safe_mode is on, UID/GID checks are bypassed when
; including files from this directory and its subdirectories.
; (directory must also be in include_path or full path must
; be used when including)
;
;
; 在安全模式,当包含如下目录和子目录文件时,绕过 UID/GID检查(路径必须在 include_path下面
; 或者在包含时使用完整路径
;
;
safe_mode_include_dir =

; When safe_mode is on, only executables located in the safe_mode_exec_dir
; will be allowed to be executed via the exec family of functions.
;
;
; 在安全模式下,只有给出目录下可以通过 exec 族函数执行
;
;
safe_mode_exec_dir =

; open_basedir, if set, limits all file operations to the defined directory
; and below. This directive makes most sense if used in a per-directory
; or per-virtualhost web server configuration file.
;
;
; 如果设置,则限制所有的文件操作都到下面给出的目录下。这个指示在每个目录,每个虚拟主机的web
; 服务器配置文件里给出更多的认识。
;
;
;open_basedir =

; Setting certain environment variables may be a potential security breach.
; This directive contains a comma-delimited list of prefixes. In Safe Mode,
; the user may only alter environment variables whose names begin with the
; prefixes supplied here. By default, users will only be able to set
; environment variables that begin with PHP_ (e.g. PHP_FOO=BAR).
;
; Note: If this directive is empty, PHP will let the user modify ANY
; environment variable!
;
;
; 设置某些环境变量可能是隐藏的安全缺口。这个指示包含一个逗号分割的前缀指示。在安全模式下
; 用户只能修改下面提供的为前缀的变量名字。默认,用户只能设置以 PHP_ 前缀开头的环境变量(
; 例如 PHP_FOO=BAR).
;
; 注意:如果这个设置为空,则 PHP 可以让用户修改任何环境变量。
;
;
safe_mode_allowed_env_vars = PHP_

; This directive contains a comma-delimited list of environment variables that
; the end user won’t be able to change using putenv(). These variables will be
; protected even if safe_mode_allowed_env_vars is set to allow to change them.
;
;
; 这个指示包含用逗号分割的不允许最终用户通过 putenv()修改的环境变量的列表。这些变量即使
; 在 safe_mode_allowed_env_vars 设置允许改变他们的情况下也被保护。
;
;
safe_mode_protected_env_vars = LD_LIBRARY_PATH

; This directive allows you to disable certain functions for security reasons.
; It receives a comma-delimited list of function names. This directive is
; *NOT* affected by whether Safe Mode is turned On or Off.
;
;
; 这个指示用于在由于安全原因的情况下屏蔽某些函数。接受用逗号分割的函数名列表,这个指示不受
; Safe Mode 是否打开的影响。
;
;
disable_functions =

; Colors for Syntax Highlighting mode. Anything that’s acceptable in
; would work.
;
;
; 语法加亮模式的颜色,任何 正常工作的都可以接受
;
;
highlight.string = #CC0000
highlight.comment = #FF9900
highlight.keyword = #006600
highlight.bg = #FFFFFF
highlight.default = #0000CC
highlight.html = #000000

;
; Misc
;
; Decides whether PHP may expose the fact that it is installed on the server
; (e.g. by adding its signature to the Web server header). It is no security
; threat in any way, but it makes it possible to determine whether you use PHP
; on your server or not.
;
;
; 是否让服务器暴露 PHP(例如在 web 服务器头增加标记)。他不会有安全威胁,但是可以让你
; 检测一个服务器是否使用了 PHP.
;
;
expose_php = On

;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
; Resource Limits ;
;
;
; 资源限制
;
;

;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;

;
;
; 每个脚本最大执行的秒数
;
;
max_execution_time = 30 ; Maximum execution time of each script, in seconds

;
;
; 一个脚本最大消耗的内存
;
;
memory_limit = 8M ; Maximum amount of memory a script may consume (8MB)

;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
; Error handling and logging ;
;
;
; 错误处理和记录
;
;
;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;

; error_reporting is a bit-field. Or each number up to get desired error
; reporting level
;
;
; 错误报告是一个位字段,每个数值代表错误报告的等级
;
;
; E_ALL – All errors and warnings
;
; 所有的错误和警告
;
; E_ERROR – fatal run-time errors
;
; 致命的运行期错误
;
; E_WARNING – run-time warnings (non-fatal errors)
;
; 运行期警告(非致命错误)
;
; E_PARSE – compile-time parse errors
;
; 编译期间解析错误
;
; E_NOTICE – run-time notices (these are warnings which often result
; from a bug in your code, but it’s possible that it was
; intentional (e.g., using an uninitialized variable and
; relying on the fact it’s automatically initialized to an
; empty string)
;
; 运行期间注意,一般是由于代码的 bug 引起的警告,但是很可能是故意这样的。例如使用没有初始化
; 的变量,依赖于他自动初始化为空的字符串。
;
; E_CORE_ERROR – fatal errors that occur during PHP’s initial startup
;
; 发生在 PHP 的初始启动阶段的致命错误
;
; E_CORE_WARNING – warnings (non-fatal errors) that occur during PHP’s
; initial startup
;
; 发生在 PHP 的初始启动阶段的警告(非致命错误)
;
; E_COMPILE_ERROR – fatal compile-time errors
;
; 致命的编译期间错误
;
; E_COMPILE_WARNING – compile-time warnings (non-fatal errors)
;
; 编译期间的警告(非致命的错误)
;
; E_USER_ERROR – user-generated error message
;
; 用户引起的错误信息
;
; E_USER_WARNING – user-generated warning message
;
; 用户引起的警告信息
;
; E_USER_NOTICE – user-generated notice message
;
; 用户引起的提醒信息
;
;
; Examples:
;
; – Show all errors, except for notices
;
; 显示所有错误,除了提醒
;
;error_reporting = E_ALL & ~E_NOTICE

;
; – Show only errors
;
; 只显示错误
;
;error_reporting = E_COMPILE_ERROR|E_ERROR|E_CORE_ERROR
;
; – Show all errors except for notices
;
; 显示所有的错误(译者注:英文可能有错误)
;
error_reporting = E_ALL

; Print out errors (as a part of the output). For production web sites,
; you’re strongly encouraged to turn this feature off, and use error logging
; instead (see below). Keeping display_errors enabled on a production web site
; may reveal security information to end users, such as file paths on your Web
; server, your database schema or other information.
;
;
; 输出错误(作为输出的一部分)。对于成品网站,强烈建议关闭这个特性,使用下面错误日志代替。
; 在成品网站打开这个特性可能对最终用户暴露安全信息。例如 WEB 服务器的文件路径,数据库计划
; 或其他信息。
;
;
display_errors = Off

; Even when display_errors is on, errors that occur during PHP’s startup
; sequence are not displayed. It’s strongly recommended to keep
; display_startup_errors off, except for when debugging.
;
;
; 即使 display_errors 参数设置位 on,发生在 PHP 的启动顺序期间的错误也不会显示。
; 强烈建议保持 display_startup_errors 为 off,除非在调试阶段。
;
;
display_startup_errors = Off

; Log errors into a log file (server-specific log, stderr, or error_log (below))
; As stated above, you’re strongly advised to use error logging in place of
; error displaying on production web sites.
;
;
; 把错误写到一个日志文件里面(服务器指定日志,标准错误,或者后面的错误日志)。
; 根据上面的一致性,强烈建议使用错误日志代替web站点的错误显示。
;
;
log_errors = On

; Store the last error/warning message in $php_errormsg (boolean).
;
;
; 保存最后的错误/警告信息在 $php_errormsg(boolean)里面。
;
;
track_errors = Off

; Disable the inclusion of HTML tags in error messages.
;
;
; 屏蔽掉错误信息里面内含的HTML标记
;
;
;html_errors = Off

; String to output before an error message.
;
;
; 错误信息前输出的字符串
;
;
;error_prepend_string = “”

; String to output after an error message.
;
;
; 错误信息后输出的字符串。
;
;
;error_append_string = “”

; Log errors to specified file.
;
;
; 错误写进指定的文件
;
;
;error_log = filename

; Log errors to syslog (Event Log on NT, not valid in Windows 95).
;error_log = syslog

; Warn if the + operator is used with strings.
;
;
; 在对字符串用 + 操作符时给出警告
;
;
warn_plus_overloading = Off

;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
; Data Handling ;
;
;
; 数据处理
;
;
;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
;
; Note – track_vars is ALWAYS enabled as of PHP 4.0.3
;
; 注意,在 PHP 4.0.3 里面, track_vars 总是打开的。
;

; The separator used in PHP generated URLs to separate arguments.
; Default is “&”.
;
;
; PHP在产生URLs时用于分割参数的分割符。默认是 “&”
;
;
;arg_separator.output = “&”

; List of separator(s) used by PHP to parse input URLs into variables.
; Default is “&”.
; NOTE: Every character in this directive is considered as separator!
;
;
; PHP用于把输入的 URLs 解析为变量的分割符列表,默认是 “&”;
; 注意:这个指示的每个字符都被认为是分割符
;
;
;arg_separator.input = “;&”

; This directive describes the order in which PHP registers GET, POST, Cookie,
; Environment and Built-in variables (G, P, C, E & S respectively, often
; referred to as EGPCS or GPC). Registration is done from left to right, newer
; values override older values.
;
;
; 这个指示描述PHP注册 GET,POST,Cookes,环境变量和内部变量的顺序(分别对应于 G,P,C,E 和 S,
; 经常为 EGPCS 或者 GPC).注册从左到右,新的值覆盖旧的值。
;
;
variables_order = “GPCS”

; Whether or not to register the EGPCS variables as global variables. You may
; want to turn this off if you don’t want to clutter your scripts’ global scope
; with user data. This makes most sense when coupled with track_vars – in which
; case you can access all of the GPC variables through the $HTTP_*_VARS[],
; variables.
;
;
; 是否注册 EGPCS 变量为全局变量。如果你不想和用户数据混淆脚本全局范围,你可能想关闭他。
; 结合 track_vars 可以更加理性。它可以让你通过 $HTTP_*_VARS[] 访问所有的GPC变量。
;
;
; You should do your best to write your scripts so that they do not require
; register_globals to be on; Using form variables as globals can easily lead
; to possible security problems, if the code is not very well thought of.
;
;
; 你可以尽力书写不需要 register_globals 打开时的脚本。如果代码没有非常好的考虑是
; 使用来源于全局变量的表单数据很容易引起安全问题。
;
;
register_globals = Off

; This directive tells PHP whether to declare the argv&argc variables (that
; would contain the GET information). If you don’t use these variables, you
; sh